Budapest’s new bus service framework

22 January 2013  •  Author(s): Dávid Vitézy, CEO and Member of the Management Board, BKK Centre for Budapest Transport

Public transport first appeared in Hungarian capital city Budapest in the early 19th century in the form of the omnibus and later the horse tramway. These were followed by modes of transport that were revolutionary for those times: Europe’s second funicular connected the Castle Hill with the Danube riverbank while the Continent’s third cogwheel railway was built in the Buda hills. The first tramway was inaugurated in 1887, and by the end of the century, electric vehicles replaced their horse-drawn predecessors. Suburban railways were also built during this period. The Continent’s first underground was built in 1896 and is now part of World Heritage. The 3.7km-long line is still in operation today. Buses and trolleybuses appeared on the streets of Budapest in the first decades of the 20th century. The development of the public transport network continued soon after World War II: the trolley network developed extensively and the chairlift was opened, which mostly serves tourists visiting the Buda hills. Preceded by a long period of planning and implementation, the second metro line was opened in the 1970s and the third, North-South line, was built between 1976 and 1990. The construction of the fourth line connecting South Buda with the city centre started in 2004 and is expected to be completed in 2014.

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