Toulouse: Three rail concepts in total harmony

19 September 2005  •  Author(s): Howard Johnston, Transport Writer

From a virtual standing start just ten years ago, Toulouse is developing a vast urban transport network that is fully in keeping with its status as one of Europe’s fastest-growing cities.

The congestion-busting formula is a ‘horses for courses’ blend of high-frequency commuter rail, rubber-tyred VAL metro in tunnel, and steel-wheel surface tramway, all taking maximum advantage of existing infrastructure constraints. However, the worrying recent loss of central government support means that the financial burden for expansion now rests on local taxation, not an altogether popular move locally.

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