Spain - Articles and news items
Issue 4 2012 • 3 September 2012 • Pedro Fortea, Director, MAFEX
In recent years, the Spanish rail industry has been at the forefront of the greatest public transport advances seen in the country’s main cities – a result of the firm commitment to R&D and the return of transport modes such as the tramway, as well as the implementation of new and modern underground networks. There has been a change in urban mobility material, with a firm commitment to railways.
The advances made towards public transport based on underground, tramway, suburban and medium- and long-distance rail connections between cities has contributed to a reduction in the use of private road vehicles and a reduction in CO2 emissions.
Issue 4 2011 • 18 August 2011 • Pedro Fortea, Director, MAFEX – the Spanish Association of Manufacturers and Exporters of Equipment and Services for the Railway Industry
Metro and tram networks have become the preferred modes of transport in Spain’s big urban centers. The country’s main cities have implemented modern underground lines as a response to the growing demand of fast and efficient mobility systems that can be adapted to the particular needs of all cities. This is why currently in Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Bilbao or Palma de Mallorca, the metro network represents an efficient alternative to urban transit systems involving thousands of users.
The return of the tram: a mode of transport in demand
For more than two decades there has been a growing trend towards the reemergence of the tram, due to its innumerable environ – mental advantages and its integration in urban areas. Since its reimplementation in the 90s, tram networks have been integrated in many cities as a response to the growing necessity of combining mobility and sustainable development.
The first steps of this extensive network took place in Valencia in 1994 with the inauguration of the first modern tramway line. Nowadays, it is a 20.7km-line with a total of 43 stops with an average distance of 500m.
Issue 4 2011 • 18 August 2011 • Dídac Pestaña, Executive Vice-President, Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB)
Like most big European cities, Barcelona has severe problems with air pollution due to several factors, like industry and domestic emissions, but especially due to road transport emissions. In the Metropolitan Region of Barcelona, transport contribution to energy consumption accounts for 40%. TMB is the main public transport operator for the metropolitan area of Barcelona and an international reference in the urban transport sector. TMB accounts for almost 80% of such transport and the services provided are essential for the two million journeys made by passengers every working day – some 577 million per year.
To carry this amount of people every day, the metro network is formed by eight lines and the funicular railway, and has 140 stations distributed along 102.6km while the Barcelona bus fleet comprises 1,090 units, with energy consumption equivalent to 27 million litres of diesel fuel per year.
Issue 4 2011 • 18 August 2011 • José-Dionisio González Garcia, Director, Consorcio Regional de Transportes de Madrid (CRTM)
The Madrid Regional Transport Consortium (CRTM, Consorcio Regional de Transportes de Madrid1) was founded by the Community of Madrid Act in May 1985, and started work in March 1986 to coordinate the infrastructure and services of the different public transport modes in the region as the Public Transport Authority of the Community of Madrid. The CRTM was a forefront organisation in Spain and its example has been a reference point for various transit authorities that have been set up following the CRTM model.
The secret of our success
The key to CRTM’s successful management is having achieved a triple integration: administrative, modal and fare. Since its creation, the Board of CRTM consists of 20 representatives, mostly from government agencies such as the Community of Madrid (5 seats), the capital’s Municipality (5 seats), the 178 remaining municipalities in the region (3 seats) and the General State Administration (2 seats). There are also representatives of private transport companies (2 seats), trade unions (2 seats) and user and consumer associations (1 seat).
Issue 1 2011 • 25 February 2011 •
2010 was a very significant year for Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB). It was the first year that automated lines were put into operation – since December 2009, sections of the first five stations of a new line were inaugurated and the existing light metro Line 11 was turned into a driverless running mode.
TMB automation in 2010 During 2010, two new sections of a new line were inaugurated in April and June bringing a total amount of 11 stations and almost 11km of extension.
Once construction is completely finished, the new automated line will have a total length of 50km. Branches will be positioned at both ends of the line which means each branch has been assigned a line – thus two lines: Line 9 and Line 10. In 2010, TMB started to operate the north branches of these lines.