Sjef Janssen - Articles and news items
Issue 1 2013 • 28 February 2013 • VDV-Kernapplikations GmbH & Co. KG
Public transport e-Ticketing in Germany started in the 19902 like in so many other nations. In those days, interested German public transport operators and authorities could not fall back on a nationwide standard for Electronic Fare Management (EFM). The result found about 35 different smartcard projects dotted all over Germany. Since then, there has been a dramatic change in passengers’ behaviour and requirements. Customers want to by their tickets quickly and simply and do not want to have to work their way through a complicated fare structure before they get the right ticket. So, in 2002, with funding from the German government, the Association of German Transport Companies (Verband Deutscher Verkehrsunternehmen (VDV)) started developing a standard for e-Ticketing in public transport.