José-Dionisio González - Articles and news items
Issue 4 2011 • 18 August 2011 • José-Dionisio González Garcia, Director, Consorcio Regional de Transportes de Madrid (CRTM)
The Madrid Regional Transport Consortium (CRTM, Consorcio Regional de Transportes de Madrid1) was founded by the Community of Madrid Act in May 1985, and started work in March 1986 to coordinate the infrastructure and services of the different public transport modes in the region as the Public Transport Authority of the Community of Madrid. The CRTM was a forefront organisation in Spain and its example has been a reference point for various transit authorities that have been set up following the CRTM model.
The secret of our success
The key to CRTM’s successful management is having achieved a triple integration: administrative, modal and fare. Since its creation, the Board of CRTM consists of 20 representatives, mostly from government agencies such as the Community of Madrid (5 seats), the capital’s Municipality (5 seats), the 178 remaining municipalities in the region (3 seats) and the General State Administration (2 seats). There are also representatives of private transport companies (2 seats), trade unions (2 seats) and user and consumer associations (1 seat).
The Spanish State is organised on the basis of a Central Government – 17 Autonomous Regions with wide-ranging powers at the regional level and Municipalities which represent towns and villages at the local level. Madrid is one of the Autonomous Regions and is composed of 179 Municipalities.
The total population of the city of Madrid is 3.2 million inhabitants, accounting for 51.2% of the total population of the region. The central core of Madrid is home to 31.3% of this population and provides a large proportion of the region’s jobs.
The integration of different modes of public transport has always been a high priority for CRTM. This, combined with an extensive programme of development, has seen the use of public transport rise dramatically in Madrid over the last 20 years.
Territorial and socio-economic framework
The Spanish State is organised on the basis of a Central Government, seventeen Autonomous Regions with wide ranging powers at the regional level, and Municipalities representing towns and villages at the local level. The Region of Madrid (8,028km2) is composed of 179 municipalities located in three functional areas (or rings):