Czech Republic - Articles and news items
Issue 6 2015 • 17 December 2015 • Dan Ťok, Minister of Transport, Czech Republic
Dan Ťok, Minister of Transport, Czech Republic presents where they stand with public urban transport in the Czech Republic…
Issue 6 2015 • 17 December 2015 • Lukáš Kruml, Leader of the Investment Department at the Prague Public Transport Company
After years of planning and development, Line A of the Prague Metro network has been put into operation for passengers. Lukáš Kruml, Leader of the Investment Department at the Prague Public Transport Company, reveals the complicated construction schedule and the financial aspects of the Line A extension project…
Issue 6 2013 • 16 December 2013 • Michal Kraus, General Manager, PMDP
Pilsen is the fourth-largest city in the Czech Republic. A strong industrial, commercial, cultural and administrative centre, the city holds a dominant position in western Bohemia. The municipal public transportation operator serving the city of Pilsen and the suburban area is Plzeňské městské dopravní podniky, a.s. – PMDP – a company solely owned by the City of Pilsen. The company’s history dates as far back as 1899 when electric trams first operated in the streets of Pilsen. Public transportation in Pilsen is notable for its high quality – the city’s 171,000 residents are served by a dense network of 42 transportation routes operating at short intervals, with 15.1 million vehicle kilometres travelled per year. A major feature of Pilsen’s public transportation is its low environmental impact. Two-thirds of all kilometres travelled are carried out by trams and trolleybuses, and buses mainly serve the outskirts of the city.
Traffic control system
In 2006, PMDP formulated a vision to fundamentally modernise traffic control and information technology in Pilsen’s public transportation network by applying the latest ITS technology. This vision was reflected in a list of projects titled ‘Comprehensive control of public transportation vehicles in Pilsen’, with the implementation of the ‘PMDP dynamic traffic control’ project forming the cornerstone of this concept.
Industry news • 29 November 2013 • Arriva
Arriva has strengthened its position as the largest international passenger transport operator in central and eastern Europe…
Issue 6 2012 • 22 January 2013 • Pavel Dobeš, Former Minister of Transport, Czech Republic
Urban public transport systems have a long tradition in the Czech Republic and are well-known operational networks, especially in our large cities. Public transport systems can currently be found in more than 100 different sized cities in the Czech Republic, ranging from our smallest where there is often only one bus line in operation; providing a link between the main residential areas of the city and places of basic services such as schools, offices, medical facilities, shops, etc., up to our large cities where bus networks operate along with trolleybus networks, trams and, in the case of Prague, metro networks.
Public transport in the Czech Republic is operated under the conditions of transportation companies which are set-up and owned by the cities. Although urban public transport development projects are extremely expensive, improvements in this area during the last 15 years have been significant. Of particular importance is the project to gradually replace all aging vehicles with new, modern and more environmentallyfriendly vehicles which meet the standards and requirements of passengers. Strong emphasis is placed on providing vehicles that can easily transport people with reduced mobility.
Prague, the capital city of the Czech Republic, is a large urban area with a population of almost 1.25 million living in an area of 496km2. Prague is also the centre of the Region of Central Bohemia, which has an area of approximately 11,000km2 and a population of an additional 1.25 million – the majority of whom have various ties to the capital. This fact, along with the impact of intensive tourism and other factors leading to the temporary presence of individuals, places exceptional demands on ensuring daily mobility for almost 1.5 million individuals within Prague’s city limits.
Czech Railways (Cveské dráhy, CD) is the national rail operator in the Czech Republic. It is one of the largest operators in Europe and, with over 60,000 employees, it is also one of the largest companies in the Czech Republic. Approximately 180 million passengers use CvD’s services every year. In order to do so, they need a ticket.
Ticket offices in railway stations
The majority of passengers purchase their tickets at the ticket offices in stations. CD operates approximately 2,700 stations and stops and about 1000 of these are equipped with ticket offices using the UNIPOK ticketing system. There are also information centres (called ‘CD centrum’) in the larger towns where the UNIPOK system is installed.
Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, is a political, economic and tourist centre of both national and international importance. Its administrative borders cover an area of 496km2 with approx. 1,181,000 inhabitants and almost 780,000 job opportunities. At the same time, Prague is the centre of the Central Bohemian Region with additional 500,000 inhabitants, with close links to its territory.
As in other big cities, Prague’s public transport system (hereinafter referred to as the ‘PT system’) plays an important role in ensuring basic functions of the city. The PT system in Prague has been gaining in importance with a gradual extension of the metropolitan territory and related development of new points of departures and destinations, mostly located further from the city centre. This involved mainly densely populated housing estates and production facilities. Developments after 1989, associated with liquidation or diversification of large production facilities, strengthening of the tertiary sphere and a slower pace of housing development, resulted in the modification of PT requirements. Requirements associated with the quality of the transport process have thus gained in importance.